Laparoscopic Surgery depends on the basic principle of open surgery but with the addition of the special maneuvers and techniques applicable to a situation where Surgeons work through a small opening without being able to manipulate any organs manually, but the whole sequence being watched on a video screen rather than through the wounds.
In addition simply to looking inside, a doctor can use fine instruments which are also passed into the abdomen through another small incision in the skin. These instruments are used to cut, trim, biopsy, grab, etc, inside the abdomen. This laparoscopic surgery is sometimes called ‘key-hole surgery’ or ‘minimally invasive surgery’. Laparoscopic surgery can be used for various procedures.
Some commonly performed operations include:
- Removal of the gallbladder. This is sometimes called a laparoscopic cholecystectomy or ‘lap choly’ for short. It is now the most common way for a gallbladder to be removed.
- Removal of the appendix.
- Removal of patches of endometriosis.
- Removal of parts of the intestines.
- Female sterilization.
- Treating ectopic pregnancy.
- Taking a biopsy (small sample) of various structures inside the abdomen which can be looked at under the microscope and/or tested in other ways.
In general, compared with traditional surgery, with laparoscopic surgery there is usually:
- Less pain following the procedure.
- Less risk of complications.
- A shorter hospital stay and a quicker recovery.
- A much smaller scar.